Disciplina coercitiva: relato de estudantes universitarios brasileiros

Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj Weber, Tatiana Dobrianskyj Weber

Resumen


As estratégias de socialização utilizadas pelos pais fazem parte de um relevante e sistemático campo de pesquisa atual. Um dos focos principais estuda a utilização e as conseqüências das técnicas coercitivas utilizadas pelos pais, pois dados recentes continuam apontando que tais estratégias ainda são muito comuns na atualidade. O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi verificar a prevalência de recebimento de práticas disciplinares coercitivas por meio do relato retrospectivo de diferentes estudantes universitários da cidade de Curitiba, Brasil. 400 participantes responderam um amplo questionário que investigava as práticas utilizadas por seus pais quando eles tinham aproximadamente dez anos de idade; o instrumento também analisou as opiniões dos estudantes sobre práticas disciplinares que teriam com seus próprios filhos. Os resultados mostram que a maioria absoluta dos participantes relatou que já havia recebido palmadas e surras da mãe e do pai e houve correlação positiva e estatisticamente significativa entre o recebimento de disciplina coercitiva e a crença de que essas práticas são eficazes para educar crianças. Não houve diferença significativa entre recebimento de práticas coercitivas e a situação conjugal dos pais, mas os participantes com pais casados relataram que achavam a disciplina mais justa do que aqueles com pais separados. Uma porcentagem considerável de participantes relatou que já apanhou, tanto da mãe como do pai, com objetos como cintos e escovas, mas não há dados que mostrem correlação entre a utilização dessas práticas e o nível educacional dos pais. As implicações do uso de técnicas coercitivas e de punição corporal são discutidas e mostradas as relações entre o comportamentos dos pais e as opiniões dos filhos acerca de educados de filhos. Atualmente, o castigo físico ainda é muito utilizado e polemizado pelo fato de pais acharem que podem decidir o que quiserem na educação dos seus filhos sem que outros ditem leis ou regras.


Palabras clave


prática educativas parentais; coerção; família; punição corporal.

Texto completo:

PDF (Português (Brasil))

Referencias


Afifi, T.O., Brownridge, D.A., Cox, B.J., & & Sareen, J. (2006). Physical Punishment, Childhood Abuse and Psychiatric Disorders. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30(10), 1093-1103.

Aucoin, K.J., Frick, P.J., & Bodin, S. D. (2006). Corporal punishment and child adjustment. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 27(6), 527-541.

Berlin, L.J., Ispa, J.M., Fine, M.A., Malone, P.S., Brooks-Gunn, J., Brady-Smith, C., Ayoub, C., & Bai, Y. (2009). Correlates and consequences of spanking and verbal punishment for low-income White, African American, and Mexican American toddlers. Child Development, 80, 1403-1420.

Bettner, B.L. & Lew, A. (2000). Talking to parents about hitting. Journal of Individual Psychology, 56, 110-114.

Bordin, I.A.S., Paula, C.S., Nascimento, R., & Duarte, C.S. (2006). Severe physical punishment and mental health problems in an economically disadvantaged population of children and adolescents. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria, 28, 290-296.

Bugental, D.B., Ellerson, P.C., Lin, E.K., Rainey, B., Kokotovic A., & O’Hara N., (2002). A cognitive approach to child abuse prevention. Journal of Family Psychology, 16, 243–258.

Cornet, J. (1997). Faut-il battre les enfants? Paris: Hommes et Perspectives.

Deater-Deckard, K., Ivy, L., Petrill, S.A. (2006). Maternal warmth moderates the link between physical punishment and child externalizing problems: A parent-offspring behavior genetic analysis. Parenting: Science and Practice, 6, 59–78.

Delgado, J.B., & Miranda, S. (2007). Actitud crítica hacia el castigo físico en niños víctimas de maltrato infantil. Universitas Psychologica, 6(2), 309-318.

Fergusson, D.M., Boden, J.M., & Horwood,L.J. (2008). Exposure to childhood sexual and physical abuse and adjustment in early adulthood. Child Abuse & Neglect, 30(10), 607-619.

Frias-Armenta, M (1999). Law, psychology, family relations and child abuse in Mexico. Dissertation Abstracts International: Section B: The Sciences and Engineering, 60 (4-B): 1913.

Gershoff, E.T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parent and associated child behaviors and experiences: a Meta-Analytic and Theoretical Review. Psychological Bulletin,128(4), 539–579.

Gordon, H. (2006). Capital punishment and psychiatry. Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health, 6(3), 273-275.

Grogan-Kaylor, A. (2004). The effect of corporal punishment on antisocial behavior in children. Social Work Research, 28(3), 153-162.

Hao L., & Matsueda, R.L. (2006). Family dynamics through childhood: A sibling model of behavior problems. Social Science Research, 35, 500–524.

Harper FWK, Brown AM, Arias I, Brody G. Corporal Punishment and Kids: How Do Parent Support and Gender Influence Child Adjustment? Journal of Family Violence. 2006;21(3):197–207.

Javo, C., Ronning, J. A., Heyerdahl, S., & Rudmin, F. W. (2004). Parenting correlates of child behavior problems in a multiethnic community sample of preschool children in northern Norway. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 13, 8-18.

Jones, D. J.(2000). Maternal and Paternal parenting during adolescence: Forecasting early adult psychosocial adjustment. Adolescence Fall.

Kerka, S. (2000). Parenting and Career Development. ERIC Digest No. 214. ERIC Clearinghouse on Adult, Career, and Vocational Education, Columbus, OH.

Kessenich, A. (2006). The impact of parenting practices and early childhood curricula on children’s academic achievement and social competence. Dissertation Abstracts International.

Khayyer, M. (2003). Perceived locus of control as a function of parental physical punishment among a group of Iranian children. Psychological Report, 93(1), 288-90.

Lansford, J.E., & Dodge, K.A. (2008). Cultural norms for adult corporal punishment of children and societal rates of endorsement and use of violence. Parenting: Science and Practice, 8, 257-270.

Lau, J.T.F., Kim, J.H., Lau, M., & Tsui, H.Y. (2003). Prevalence and risk behaviors of Chinese men who seek same-sex partners via the Internet in Hong Kong. AIDS Education and Prevention,15(6), 516-528.

Leary, C., Kelley, M., Morrow, J.A., Mikulka, P. (2008). Parental use of physical punishment as related to family environment, psychological well-being, and personality in undergraduates. Journal of Family Violence, 23, 1-7.

Martorell, G.A., & and Barraza,V. (2003). The hormonal costs of subtle forms of infant maltreatment. Hormones and Behavior, 43, 237–244.

Mathurin, M.N., Gielen, U.P., & Lancaster, J. (2006). Corporal Punishment and Personality Traits in the Children of St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Cross-Cultural Research, 40 (3), 306-324

Mulvaney, M.K., & Mebert, C.J. (2007). Parental Corporal Punishment Predicts Behavior Problems in Early Childhood. Journal of Family Psychology, 21(3), 389–397

Nelson, D.A., & Coyne, S.M.J. (2009). Children’s intent attributions and feelings of distress: associations with maternal and paternal parenting practices. Abnormal Child Psychology, 37(2), 223-37

Sidman, M. (1995). Coerção e suas implicações. Campinas: Editorial Psy.

Simons, L. G. & Burt, C.H., & Simons, R.L. (2008). A test of explanations for the effect of harsh parenting on the perpetration of dating violence and sexual coercion among college males. Violence and Victims, 23, 66-82.

Skinner, B.F. (1953/1976). Ciência e Comportamento Humano. São Paulo: EDART – São Paulo Livraria Editora Ltda.

Steely, A.C., & Rohner, R.P. (2006). Relations between corporal punishment, parental acceptance, and psychological adjustment in Jamaican youths. Cross-Cultural Research, 40, 268-286 .

Straus, M. & Stewart, J.H. (1999). Corporal punishment by American parents: National data on prevalence, chronicity, severity, and duration, in relation to child and family characteristics. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 2, 55-70.

Straus, M.A. (2000). Corporal punishment and primary prevention of physical abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 24(9), 1109-1114.

Straus, M.A., Douglas, E. M. & Medeiros, R. A. (2014)5. The primordial violence: Spanking children, psychological development, violence and crime. New York: Routledge.

Straus, M.A. (2001). Corporal punishment and primary prevention of physical abuse. Child Abuse and Neglect 24, 1109-1114.

Straus, M.A., Douglas, E.M., & Medeiros, R.A. (2014). The primordial violence: Spanking children, psychological development, violence and crime. New York: Routledge.

Turner, H.A., & Muller, P.A. (2004). Long-Term Effects of Child Corporal Punishment on Depressive Symptoms in Young Adults: Potential Moderators and Mediators. Journal of Family Issues, 25(6), 761-782.

Ulman, A. & Straus, M. A. (2003). Violence by children against mothers in relation to violence between parents and corporal punishment by parents. Journal of Comparative Family Studies 34, 41-60.

Weber, L.N.D., Viezzer, .P. & Brandenburg, o. (2004). O uso de palmadas e surras como prática educativa. Estudos de Psicologia, 9(2), 227-238.

Weber, L.N.D., Viezzer, A.P., Brandenburg, O.J. & Zocche, C.R.E. (2002). Famílias que maltratam: uma tentativa de socialização pela violência. Psico-USF, 7(1), 157-167.

Weber, L.N.D. (2011). Eduque con cariño. Lisboa: Editorial Juruá.

Whipple, E.E & Richey, C.A. (1997). Crossing the line from physical discipline to child abuse: How much is too much? Child Abuse and Neglect, 21, 431-444.

Whiteside-Mansell, L., Bradley, R.H., McKelvey, L., & Lopez, M. (2009). Center based early head start: Protective for Children Exposed Family Conflict. Early Education & Development, 20, 942- 957.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2014.n1.v2.462 Statistics: Resumen : 715 views. PDF (Português (Brasil)) : 149 views.  

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.




Copyright (c) 2014 Lidia Natalia Dobrianskyj Weber, Tatiana Dobrianskyj Weber

Licencia de Creative Commons
Este obra está bajo una licencia de Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial-SinObraDerivada 4.0 Internacional.

"International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology."

Revista Infad de Psicología.

ISSN digital: 2603-5987

ISSN impreso: 0214-9877