Influencia de factores familiares y personales en la evolución negativa del tdah

Carla Colomer, Jéssica Mercader, Mª Jesús Presentanción, Ana Miranda

Resumen


Objetivo. Estudiar la influencia del efecto acumulado de riesgo en la disfuncionalidad general y en la evolución de los síntomas de TDAH y problemas asociados en niños con TDAH. Método. Se evaluó a 61 familias de niños con un diagnóstico clínico de TDAH subtipo combinado en dos momentos temporales con una diferencia de dos años y medio entre ambas (media de edad Fase I = 8.7, media de edad Fase II = 11 años). Se creó un índice de riesgo personal (altos niveles de sintomatología de TDAH, elevado número de problemas asociados, presencia de oposicionismo, características estresantes del niño y antecedentes familiares de TDAH), un índice de riesgo familiar (presencia de psicopatología de la madre, elevado estrés parental y estilo de disciplina disfuncional) y un índice de riesgo total. Resultados. El índice de riesgo general predijo significativamente la sintomatología de TDAH, los problemas comórbidos y la disfuncionalidad en la adolescencia. El índice de riesgo personal estuvo más relacionado con los problemas externalizantes futuros. Mientras que el índice de riesgo familiar estuvo más relacionado con la evolución de la sintomatología de inatención. Conclusiones. Existe un efecto de riesgo acumulado de factores personales y familiares que influye negativamente en la evolución del TDAH.


Palabras clave


Comorbilidades; estudio longitudinal; índice de riesgo; TDAH

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2014.n1.v4.629 Statistics: Resumen : 934 views. PDF : 291 views.  

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"International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology."

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