Inteligencia emocional: la compreensión emocional y las relaciones entre pares en el jardín de infancia

Natalie de Nóbrega dos Santos, Glória Franco

Resumen


Los principales modelos de inteligencia emocional (IE) fueron diseñados, principalmente, para el pensamiento adulto, no para niños. Por esta razón, muchos aspectos de la IE raramente han sido estudiando en niños en edad preescolar. Así, este estudio tiene como objetivo analizar la comprensión emocional, un constructo complejo, considerado componente clave de la IE en niños pequeños y que engloba varias habilidades, entre ellas, la de diferenciar las emociones propias y la de comprender las emociones de los otros basándose en las expresiones faciales y en las características de las situaciones de contexto emocional. Nuestro objetivo es analizar la relación entre la comprensión emocional y las relaciones entre pares. La muestra estuvo constituida por 210 niños y niñas entre los 3 y 6 años de edad, a los cuales se les administro el Test of Emotion Comprehension (TEC, de Pons et al., 2004, traducida para el portugués por Roazzi et al., 2008) y una prueba sociométrica. Los resultados confirman que, con el aumento de la edad aumenta el nivel de CE y que la comprensión emocional puede influenciar las relaciones con los pares.


Palabras clave


Inteligencia emocional; comprensión emocional; relación entre pares; análisis sociométrico

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Referencias


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17060/ijodaep.2014.n1.v5.659 Statistics: Resumen : 872 views. PDF : 252 views.  

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"International Journal of Developmental and Educational Psychology."

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